07. Demophobic society


The exchange with the Prime Minister’s Office referred to in the introduction to this essay is reproduced at the bottom of this article on my Airconditioned Nation blog.

Lee Kuan Yew’s quotes criticising China’s communist system are from his landmark 1971 Helsinki speech on the press and his 2005 Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Lecture.


Going deeper

The idea that democratic choice requires more than just well-run elections is found in Andreas Schedler’s concept of a “chain of democratic choice”, which is only as strong as its weakest link. This academic article explains the idea.


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